How are lakes formed?

Rain falling into a puddle

Many of Victoria’s lakes, such as Langford Lake, are “kettle lakes”, which were formed when glaciers melted over 10,000 years ago. Other natural processes that create lakes include erosion, dissolution, volcanoes, landslides, and even tectonic activity.

There are few, if any, lakes near Victoria that have not been modified by humans via dams that control outflows, culverts that redirect creeks, or other changes to water levels upstream. Eagles Lake in the highlands was created out of wetlands in the 1970s, and Elk/Beaver Lake was originally two different bodies of water.

Animals also create or alter lakes. For example, beavers deliberately make dams to influence water levels in a small lake or pond, which influences the entire surrounding ecosystem.

Learn much more in the full Lakes of Victoria, BC guidebook!

Cover of Lakes of Victoria, BC.

In the full guidebook, discover where to:

  • Walk: enjoy lakeside strolls & boardwalks.
  • Hike: discover single-track trails & scenic views.
  • Swim: find the best beaches to soak up the sun.
  • Fish: learn about stocking trends and piers.
  • Paddle: explore shorelines, and hidden bays.
  • Bike: plan your next route and hit the trails.

Along the way you will meet the animals and plants that call these lakes and watersheds home, unearth forgotten place names, and learn stories of days past.

The book is full of useful maps, access information, and local trivia to get you started on your next family day or great adventure.

From locals to visitors, everyone will learn something new about the freshwater lakes that bring Victoria to life.